If you’re just now starting or thinking about preparing for the SAT, chances are you’re wondering which types of questions are asked on the SAT for math and reading. This article will cover math, but if you want an in depth look at reading strategies and tips to answer the questions, click here!
Half of your total points are going to be from the math section so it's important to be prepared for what you’ll be tested on.
Knowing what kind of math is on the SAT will allow you to focus and streamline your prep so that you don’t waste time preparing for concepts that won’t show up on the exam.
The math concepts on the SAT are designed to test your progression in high school level mathematics. The math portion is split into two subsections, one with no calculator and another with calculator allowed.
Now, you might be asking yourself, “how many math questions are on the SAT?” The no calculator portion is 20 questions long, and you are given 25 minutes to complete all questions. The calculator portion is 38 questions long and you are given 55 minutes to complete it. Although it is called the calculator section, you can solve all of the questions without a calculator if you need.
The total raw score you can get for the entire SAT math portion is 58. This raw score is then scaled to a score out of 800, which is determined by the College Board’s scoring system which is known as equating. To learn more about equating, click here to read about some myths about standardized testing! But if you want to know what specifically the SAT math categories are, keep reading below!
The SAT math section is broken down through four major concepts that make up all of the questions you will see on the exam. These concepts are tested in both the calculator and no calculator section of the SAT.
Here are the four categories in which you will be tested on: Heart of Algebra, Passport to Advanced Mathematics, Problem Solving & Data Analysis, and Additional Topics in Mathematics.
Those are very general and unclear names, so let's break down what they actually mean.
|What it means
|Percentage of Questions
|Heart of Algebra
|Linear Equations and Inequalities, systems of linear functions, linear word problems, linear graphing, absolute value
|Passport to Advanced Mathematics
|exponents and radicals, exponential functions, polynomials and nonlinear functions, rational expressions and equations, quadratics, linear and quadratic systems.
|Problem Solving & Data Analysis
|units, ratios, proportions, rates, percentages, data distribution, probability, graphs and tables, experimental design
|Additional Topics in Mathematics
|Geometry (angles, triangles, right triangles, circles, volume), Trigonometry, Radians, Complex and Imaginary Numbers
Now, let's take a deeper look at what these actually mean.
This is the bulk of the math SAT and it's a section that most students are very familiar with. Heart of Algebra are questions that challenge students with lines and inequalities. This can include functions and lines, think y=mx+b, as well as graphing lines and figuring out where two lines meet.
Here are some concepts to review within the Heart of Algebra:
This, for most students, is the hardest part of the SAT math section. This tests your ability to work with and model non linear equations and relationships. This includes quadratics, rational functions, and polynomials.
Most of what you’ll encounter in this section is based on quadratic equations. As a quick refresher, these are represented as y=ax2+bx+c.
Here are some question types that you might see under this category:
This section tests your ability to solve statistical analysis as well as create complex relations between data. They aren’t necessarily linear or nonlinear, but instead tests your data analysis skills. Here are some of the problem types you might encounter on the SAT.
Understanding basic measures of center:
This is pretty broad but these concepts cover everything that is not above but can be tested on the SAT. They are made up of different areas of mathematics from geometry to complex numbers. Here are some of the possible questions:
Additionally, while it only usually appears once per the exam, if you’re aiming for that perfect score, you should know how to use imaginary numbers and i.
Now that you know everything about all math topics on SAT, how should you actually go about studying for the exam? There are many different strategies out there for how you can study, but make sure to use Park Tutoring’s strategies to get the best results.
One popular way to study is to do an SAT Math Problem of the Day. This allows you to study up on your concepts with a simple problem, even when you’re busy. Even doing just one problem per day is enough to keep your skills sharp for the exam, and make sure that you’ll be able to keep these concepts fresh in your mind.
Additionally, you can test yourself in a longer format, by taking full length practice exams. The college board offers these for completely free. There are 10 full length exams that you can take advantage of in order to improve your score on the math portion of the SAT. You can take these on your own, or, you can sign up for an SAT course with Park Tutoring, where our world class tutors will help you break down each part of the exam in order to improve your understanding of the concepts, not just the exam. Results have shown that students who take Park Tutorings SAT Course have traditionally scored higher than they did before they entered our intensive SAT program, by about 200 points.
There you have it, all of the math covered and tested on the 2023 SAT. Keep in mind, if you’re an international student, this exam will probably look a lot different to you, and you can read up on these changes here, where we talk about the new digital SAT.
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